All types of petrochemical equipment

انواع تجهیزات پتروشیمی

Where does the word petrochemical come from? What are the types of petrochemical equipment?

The conversion of crude oil or natural gas products into consumer products such as natural gas in homes or gasoline is called petrochemical. Petrochemical is composed of the sum of two words petrol and chemistry, whose meaning we have explained. This brief introduction can help you in reading and understanding the rest of this article.

Also, in the rest of the article, we will answer the question of what is fixed equipment and what are the types of rotating equipment.

Uses of petroleum products

Today, in addition to their traditional uses, petroleum products are used in fields such as the production of motor oil or types of fuel for vehicles, in the production of many other parts required by various industries such as the automotive industry.

Similarly, modern petroleum products are used to fuel satellite ships or guided missiles. Petroleum products can also be used to make internal parts of this satellite or rockets. But it should be noted that for the use of petroleum products, special equipment that is specific to the petrochemical field is used.

All types of petrochemical equipment

Petrochemical equipment is divided into two categories: stationary gas equipment and rotating gas equipment, which we will discuss in the description and development of each of these two.

Fixed equipment

Fixed equipment is equipment that does not have any moving or movable parts. Unlike rotating equipment, fixed equipment has components such as vessels and counters. Fixed equipment is under the action and stress of heat, expansion, contraction, weight and pressure of external factors.

Rotating Equipment

Rotating equipment refers to equipment that rotates at different speeds and in different forms of movement. Compressors, turbines, pumps, and similar equipment are rotating equipment. The installation and commissioning of rotating equipment is very difficult and sensitive, and during the installation and commissioning of this equipment, all the installation and commissioning instructions must be carried out carefully and in a completely calculated manner.

All kinds of rotating equipment

There are various types of rotating equipment that we mention here and give a brief explanation about each one:


Pumps can be mentioned among the types of rotating equipment. A pump is a device that receives mechanical energy from an external agent and transfers that received mechanical energy to the fluid that passes through the pump.


Another type of rotating equipment is the compressor. The compressor has the task of compressing the fluids and also the compressor compresses the air and transfers it to the combustion parts of a structure.


There are different types of turbines, each of which performs its own role and task. The most widely used turbines in gas equipment and petrochemical industry are gas turbines, boiler turbines, wind turbines and water turbines. These turbines are among the most widely used types of gas and petrochemical equipment turbines. Gas turbines work with the energy of gases that are created through the combustion process.

Turbines have compressors to compress the air, also compressors have a chamber for combustion. In this fuel chamber, combustion energy is created by mixing air and fuel. The combustion energy reaches a turbine, and then the energy of this combustion, which has released hot gases, is compressed and ready to be converted into mechanical energy.

Petrosazeh Company

Petrosazeh Beinolmelal Aram Co has two decades of activity in the field of design, supply, construction and implementation of equipment and refinery and petrochemical industries, and as the first company in the field of construction and design of all types of fixed equipment including pressurized spherical tanks and cylindrical tanks It has been active.

This company has always performed its activities with the highest efficiency and work quality, and in this way, it has completed joint and successful projects with large petrochemical companies and the oil and gas industry.

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